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  • Writer's pictureZuny Fester

Accounting 101

Updated: Mar 24

When it comes to running a successful business, accounting is a must-have skill. It’s all about keeping track of the money coming in and going out, and using that info to make smart financial decisions. Whether you’re a small business owner or considering a career in accounting, it’s crucial to start with the fundamentals. Knowing the basics will help you stay on top of your finances and make informed choices about the future of your business; along with JustPaid, that can be a piece of cake.

Let’s dive into the fundamentals of accounting and provide you with a roadmap to get started.

The Fundamentals of Accounting

The process of accounting involves recording, classifying, and summarizing financial transactions to provide useful information for decision-making. Two primary branches of accounting exist: financial accounting and management accounting.

Financial accounting concentrates on providing information to external stakeholders, such as investors, lenders, and regulators, to help make decisions about a company’s financial performance. Management accounting, on the other hand, provides information to internal stakeholders, such as managers and employees, to aid in decisions about running a business more effectively.

The foundation of accounting is the accounting equation, which states that assets equal liabilities plus owners’ equity. This equation is always in balance, meaning that any change in one element must be matched by a corresponding change in another element.

The Double-Entry Accounting System

In the world of accounting, the double-entry accounting system is the go-to way of keeping track of financial transactions. This system has a simple but powerful rule: every transaction affects at least two accounts. Let’s say your company buys inventory – this will decrease your cash account and increase your inventory account. This helps you keep things organized and balanced. You can be confident that the accounting equation is always in harmony and that you have a clear history of transactions that can be checked for accuracy at any time.

Getting Started With Accounting

Lastly, if you’re just starting out with accounting, there are a few steps you can take to get up to speed. Here’s a roadmap for getting started:

  1. Familiarize yourself with the accounting equation and the double-entry accounting system.

  2. Learn the basic accounting terms and concepts, such as debits and credits, journal entries, and financial statements.

  3. Choose an accounting software program to help you keep track of your financial transactions. There are many options available, ranging from simple software for small businesses to more robust systems for larger companies.

  4. Start recording your financial transactions, such as sales, purchases, and payments.

  5. Review your financial statements, such as the balance sheet and income statement, to get a clear picture of your company’s financial position.

Having a good grasp of accounting fundamentals is crucial for running a successful business or pursuing a career in accounting. With a solid understanding of the accounting equation, double-entry accounting system, and financial statements, you’ll be empowered to make sound decisions regarding your company’s finances. And with the help of tools like JustPaid, managing your finances can be even easier. JustPaid provides a user-friendly platform for invoicing, tracking expenses, and managing cash flow. Don’t worry if you’re just starting out – with some dedication and practice, and the support of tools like JustPaid, you’ll be well on your way to mastering accounting and taking your business to the next level.

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